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Choi, Sung-Deuk
Environmental Analytical Chemistry Lab (EACL)
Research Interests
  • Persistent organic pollutants, Environmental Analysis and monitoring, Multimedia modeling, Fine particle

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Application of gas chromatographic retention times to determine physicochemical properties of nitrated, oxygenated, and parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

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Title
Application of gas chromatographic retention times to determine physicochemical properties of nitrated, oxygenated, and parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Author
Vuong, Quang TranSon, Ji-MinThang, Phan QuangOhura, TakeshiChoi, Sung-Deuk
Issue Date
2022-02
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, v.294, pp.118644
Abstract
Nitrated and oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs and OPAHs) are receiving attention because of their high toxicity compared with parent PAHs. However, the experimental data of their physicochemical properties has been limited. This study proposed the gas chromatographic retention time (GC-RT) technique as an effective alternative one to determine octanol-air partition coefficients (KOA) and sub-cooled liquid vapor pressures (PL) for 11 NPAHs, 10 OPAHs, and 19 parent PAHs. The slopes and intercepts of the linear regressions between temperature versus KOA and PL were provided and can be used to estimate KOA and PL for the 40 targeted compounds at any temperature. The internal energies of phase transfer (Delta UOA) and enthalpies of vaporization (Delta HL) for all targeted compounds were also calculated using the GC-RT technique. High-molecularweight compounds may release or absorb higher heat energy to transform between different phases. NPAHs and OPAHs had a non-ideal solution behavior with activity in octanol (gamma oct) in the range of 19-53 and 18-1,078, respectively, which is larger than the unity threshold. A comparison among four groups of PAH derivatives showed that a functional group (nitro-, oxygen-, chloro-, and bromo-) in PAH derivatives increased gamma oct for corresponding parent PAHs by tens (mono-group) to hundreds of times (di-group). This study suggests that the GC-RT method is applicable for indirectly measuring the physicochemical properties of various groups of organic compounds.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/57681
URL
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0269749121022260
DOI
10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118644
ISSN
0269-7491
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