Integrative techno-economic and environmental assessment for green H-2 production by alkaline water electrolysis based on experimental data
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- Integrative techno-economic and environmental assessment for green H-2 production by alkaline water electrolysis based on experimental data
- Lee, Boreum; Cho, Hyun-Seok; Kim, Heehyang; Lim, Dongjun; Cho, Wonchul; Kim, Chang-Hee; Lim, Hankwon
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, v.9, no.6, pp.106349
- Alkaline water electrolysis has been in the spotlight for green H-2 production using electricity generated from renewable energy because of its high technology readiness level and low investment. However, commercialization of alkaline water electrolysis is challenging because of the low current density. Therefore, a technoeconomic and environmental assessment was conducted for green H-2 production by alkaline water electrolysis with experimental data from the advanced alkaline water electrolysis system of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) to identify the potential of this technology. Based on techno-economic analysis results, the stack cost and unit electricity price must be below 0.035 $ kWh(-1) and 406 $ kW(-1), respectively, to make this technology cost-competitive compared to the conventional H-2 production method (< 2 $ kgH(2)(-1)). Furthermore, CO2 emissions of 30.7, 17.4, 7.04, and 3.12 kgCO(2-eq) kgH(2)(-1) were obtained for the current, 2030, 2050, and renewable Korean electricity mix scenarios, respectively, indicating that both scenarios (Korean electricity mix in 2050 and renewable) have lower CO2 emissions than the conventional H-2 production method (11.5 kgCO(2-eq) kgH(2)(-1)). In addition, environmental impact reductions of 89.8%, 83.6%, 65.9%, and 91.0% for CO2 emissions, stratospheric ozone depletion, fine particulate matter formation, and fossil resource scarcity, respectively, were obtained for the renewable scenario compared to the current Korean electricity mix. Therefore, the electricity source has significant effects on the economic feasibility and environmental impacts for green H-2 production.
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