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Chung, Dongil
Decision Neuroscience & Cognitive Engineering Lab
Research Interests
  • Decision Neuroscience; Neuroimaging; Neuroeconomics; Decision-making; Social interaction

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Humans use forward thinking to exploit social controllability

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Title
Humans use forward thinking to exploit social controllability
Author
Na, SoojungChung, DongilHula, AndreasJung, JenniferFiore, Vincenzo GDayan, PeterGu, Xiaosi
Issue Date
2021-10
Publisher
ELIFE SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS LTD
Citation
ELIFE, v.10, pp.e64983
Abstract
The controllability of our social environment has a profound impact on our behavior and mental health. Nevertheless, neurocomputational mechanisms underlying social controllability remain elusive. Here, 48 participants performed a task where their current choices either did (Controllable), or did not (Uncontrollable), influence partners' future proposals. Computational modeling revealed that people engaged a mental model of forward thinking (FT; i.e., calculating the downstream effects of current actions) to estimate social controllability in both Controllable and Uncontrollable conditions. A large-scale online replication study (n=1342) supported this finding. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (n=48), we further demonstrated that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) computed the projected total values of current actions during forward planning, supporting the neural realization of the forward-thinking model. These findings demonstrate that humans use vmPFC-dependent FT to estimate and exploit social controllability, expanding the role of this neurocomputational mechanism beyond spatial and cognitive contexts.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/54110
URL
https://elifesciences.org/articles/64983
DOI
10.7554/eLife.64983
ISSN
2050-084X
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BME_Journal Papers
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