Self-motivated, thermally oxidized hematite nanoflake photoanodes: Effects of pre-polishing and ZrO2 passivation layer
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- Self-motivated, thermally oxidized hematite nanoflake photoanodes: Effects of pre-polishing and ZrO2 passivation layer
- Dhandole, Love Kumar; Lee, Hyun Hwi; Cha, Weon-Sik; Jang, Jum Suk; Lee, Jae Sung
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF ENERGY CHEMISTRY, v.65, pp.415 - 423
- High-temperature thermal oxidation of an Fe foil produces a high-quality, crystalline hematite nanoflake suitable as a photoanode for the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation. Physical pre-polishing of the foil surface has a profound effect in the formation of a vertically-aligned nanoflakes of hematite phase with extended (110) planes by removing the loosely-bonded oxide layer. When the surface of the photoanode is modified with a ZrO2 passivation layer and a cobalt phosphate co-catalyst, the charge recombination at the photoanode-electrolyte interface is greatly suppressed to improve its overall PEC activity. As a result, the photocurrent density at 1.10 VRHE under 1 sun condition is enhanced from 0.22 mA cm(-2) for an unmodified photoanode to 0.59 mA cm(-2) for the fully modified photoanode, and the photocurrent onset potential is shifted cathodically by 400 mV. Moreover, the photoanode demonstrates outstanding stability by showing steady production of H-2 and O-2 gases in the stoichiometric ratio of 2:1 in a continuous PEC operation for 10 h. (C) 2021 Science Press and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by ELSEVIER B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.
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