On the flame stabilization of turbulent lifted hydrogen jet flames in heated coflows near the autoignition limit: A comparative DNS study
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- On the flame stabilization of turbulent lifted hydrogen jet flames in heated coflows near the autoignition limit: A comparative DNS study
- Jung, Ki Sung; Kim, Seung Ook; Lu, Tianfeng; Chen, Jacqueline H.; Yoo, Chun Sang
- Issue Date
- Elsevier BV
- COMBUSTION AND FLAME, v.233, pp.111584
- Three-dimensional direct numerical simulations of turbulent lifted hydrogen jet flames in heated coflows are performed with a detailed H2/air chemical mechanism to understand their ignition dynamics and stabilization mechanisms. Turbulent lifted jet flames with four different coflow temperatures, Tc, between 750 K and 1100 K are investigated by examining the instantaneous/time-averaged values and conditional means of heat release rate and species critical to ignition, and by performing a displacement speed analysis and a local combustion mode analysis with an indicator, α. Although Tc at 950 K is higher than the autoignition limit, the flame is primarily stabilized by flame propagation rather than autoignition, while at 1100 K, flame stabilization is found to be highly affected by autoignition. The local combustion mode analysis further reveals that at 950 K, even if a local ignition mode with |α|<1 first appears in the near field of the jet, it develops into a local extinction mode with α<−1 as local temperature decreases due to the excessive mixing of heated coflow and cold H2 within vortical structures, which inhibits the ignition kernel development upstream of the flamebase. At 1100 K, however, a local ignition mode prevails upstream of the flamebase. To further identify the effect of a vortex on the early development of an ignition kernel in a mixing layer between the heated coflow and cold H2, a series of two-dimensional DNSs are performed, varying several vortex parameters and air temperature, as a reference for the more complicated corresponding 3-D turbulent DNS cases. The results substantiate that the development of a vortex in the mixing layer tends to retard the autoignition within the vortex, especially when its temperature is slightly above the autoignition limit.
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