Acid-Resistance Enhancement of Thin-Film Composite Membrane Using Barrier Effect of Graphene Oxide Nanosheets
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- Acid-Resistance Enhancement of Thin-Film Composite Membrane Using Barrier Effect of Graphene Oxide Nanosheets
- Chae, Hee-Ro; Kim, In-Chul; Kwon, Young-Nam
- Issue Date
- MDPI Open Access Publishing
- MATERIALS, v.14, no.12, pp.3151
- In this study, the effect of graphene oxide nanosheets (GONs) embedded in a thin-film composite (TFC) polyamide (PA) membrane on the acid resistance of the membrane was investigated by comparison with the effect of oxidized single-walled carbon nanotubes (o-SWNTs). Both GONs and o-SWNTs increased the hydrophilicity of the membranes and caused the formation of ridges and clustered bumps on the surfaces, resulting in slightly improved water permeability. However, the o-SWNTs-embedded membrane did not show a difference in acid resistance depending on the concentration of embedded material, but the acid resistance of the GONs-embedded membrane increased with increasing concentration. The acid resistance of the GONs-embedded membranes appears to be mainly due to the barrier effect caused by the nanosheet shape of the GONs along with a sacrificial role of the PA layer protruded by the addition of GONs and the decrease of acid reaction sites by the hydrogen bonding between GONs and PA. When the TFC PA membrane was prepared with a high amount (300 ppm) of the GONs without considering aggregation of GONs, membrane selectivity exceeding 95% was maintained 4.7 times longer than the control TFC membrane. This study shows that the acid resistance can be enhanced by the use of GONs, which give a barrier effect to the membrane.
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