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Jeong, Hu Young
UNIST Central Research Facilities (UCRF)
Research Interests
  • Soft material characterization such as graphene using a low kV Cs-corrected TEM
  • Insitu-TEM characterization of carbon-based materials using nanofactory STM holder for Li-ion battery application
  • Structural characterization of mesoporous materials using SEM & TEM
  • Interface analysis between various oxides and metals through Cs-corrected (S)TEM
  • Resistive switching mechanism of graphene oxide thin films for RRAM application

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Modulation of Cu and Rh single-atoms and nanoparticles for high-performance hydrogen evolution activity in acidic media

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Title
Modulation of Cu and Rh single-atoms and nanoparticles for high-performance hydrogen evolution activity in acidic media
Author
Sultan, SirajDiorizky, Muhammad HanifHa, MiranTiwari, Jitendra N.Choi, HansaemDang, Ngoc KimThangavel, PandiarajanLee, Jong HoonJeong, Hu YoungShin, Hyeon SukKwon, YoungkookKim, Kwang S.
Issue Date
2021-03
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, v.9, no.16, pp.10326 - 10334
Abstract
The design of a highly efficient and durable electrocatalyst for the production of hydrogen via electrochemical water splitting is highly desirable but remains a tremendous challenge. Though there has been some progress in basic media wherein the reaction is sluggish, here we report the synthesis of a new hybrid catalyst comprising Cu and Rh elements as bimetallic single atoms (SAs) and nanoparticles (NPs) on a N-doped graphene (G(N)) surface (1: Cu/Rh(SAs) + Cu2Rh(NPs)/G(N)) that works remarkably fast for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic media. Benefiting from the large specific electrochemical surface area, low charge transfer resistance and combined synergistic effect of bimetallic SAs and NPs, the as-obtained catalyst 1 requires an overpotential as low as 8 mV (commercial Pt/C requires 14 mV) in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution to deliver a benchmark current density of 10 mA cm(-2). It maintains constant current densities (similar to 10-100 mA cm(-2)) at both low and high overpotentials during the 500 h continuous HER electrolysis chronoamperometry test. Moreover, 1 exhibits a low Tafel slope (27 mV dec(-1)), a high turnover frequency and mass activity (1.237 s(-1) and 2.314 A mg(Rh)(-1)) which are higher than those of Pt/C (0.329 s(-1) and 0.326 A mg(Pt)(-1)) and a constant H-2 production rate with high faradaic efficiency (98-99%). Electrochemical experiments in conjunction with density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the combination of Rh and Cu atoms on the GN surface not only maximizes the rates of H+ adsorption on the electrode surface (due to the high surface area of 1) but also optimizes the hydrogen adsorption free energy (Delta G(H)*) close to zero (0.01 eV), improving the intrinsic catalytic activity for the HER.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/52882
URL
https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2021/TA/D1TA01067K#!divAbstract
DOI
10.1039/d1ta01067k
ISSN
2050-7488
Appears in Collections:
CHM_Journal Papers
ECHE_Journal Papers
SE_Journal Papers
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