Modulation of Cu and Rh single-atoms and nanoparticles for high-performance hydrogen evolution activity in acidic media
Cited 0 times inCited 0 times in
- Modulation of Cu and Rh single-atoms and nanoparticles for high-performance hydrogen evolution activity in acidic media
- Sultan, Siraj; Diorizky, Muhammad Hanif; Ha, Miran; Tiwari, Jitendra N.; Choi, Hansaem; Dang, Ngoc Kim; Thangavel, Pandiarajan; Lee, Jong Hoon; Jeong, Hu Young; Shin, Hyeon Suk; Kwon, Youngkook; Kim, Kwang S.
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, v.9, no.16, pp.10326 - 10334
- The design of a highly efficient and durable electrocatalyst for the production of hydrogen via electrochemical water splitting is highly desirable but remains a tremendous challenge. Though there has been some progress in basic media wherein the reaction is sluggish, here we report the synthesis of a new hybrid catalyst comprising Cu and Rh elements as bimetallic single atoms (SAs) and nanoparticles (NPs) on a N-doped graphene (G(N)) surface (1: Cu/Rh(SAs) + Cu2Rh(NPs)/G(N)) that works remarkably fast for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic media. Benefiting from the large specific electrochemical surface area, low charge transfer resistance and combined synergistic effect of bimetallic SAs and NPs, the as-obtained catalyst 1 requires an overpotential as low as 8 mV (commercial Pt/C requires 14 mV) in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution to deliver a benchmark current density of 10 mA cm(-2). It maintains constant current densities (similar to 10-100 mA cm(-2)) at both low and high overpotentials during the 500 h continuous HER electrolysis chronoamperometry test. Moreover, 1 exhibits a low Tafel slope (27 mV dec(-1)), a high turnover frequency and mass activity (1.237 s(-1) and 2.314 A mg(Rh)(-1)) which are higher than those of Pt/C (0.329 s(-1) and 0.326 A mg(Pt)(-1)) and a constant H-2 production rate with high faradaic efficiency (98-99%). Electrochemical experiments in conjunction with density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the combination of Rh and Cu atoms on the GN surface not only maximizes the rates of H+ adsorption on the electrode surface (due to the high surface area of 1) but also optimizes the hydrogen adsorption free energy (Delta G(H)*) close to zero (0.01 eV), improving the intrinsic catalytic activity for the HER.
- Appears in Collections:
- CHM_Journal Papers
- Files in This Item:
- There are no files associated with this item.
can give you direct access to the published full text of this article. (UNISTARs only)
Show full item record
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.