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Kwak, Sang Kyu
Kyu’s MolSim Lab @ UNIST
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Bay-Substitution Effect of Perylene Diimides on Supramolecular Chirality and Optoelectronic Properties of Their Self-Assembled Nanostructures

Shang, XiaoboAhn, JaeyongLee, Jeong HyeonKim, Jin ChulOhtsu, HiroyoshiChoi, WanukSong, InhoKwak, Sang KyuOh, Joon Hak
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ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.13, no.10, pp.12278 - 12285
One-dimensional (1D) organic chiral supramolecules have received a great deal of attention for their promising applications in chiral recognition systems, chemical sensors, catalysts, and optoelectronics. Compared to modifications at the imide position of a perylene diimide (PDI), few studies have explored bay substitution of chiral PDIs and their self-assemblies into 1D nanomaterials. Herein, we describe the synthesis of three bay-substituted PDIs and explore the effects of bay substitution on supramolecular chirality by examining circular dichroism spectra and the optoelectronic performance of chiral PDI nanomaterials in phototransistors. Among the three fabricated self-assemblies, nanomaterials based on (R)-CN-CPDI-Ph exhibited the highest electron mobility of 0.17 cm(2) V-1 s(-1), a low threshold voltage of -1 V, and enhanced optoelectronic performance. For example, the photoresponsivity and external quantum efficiency of (R)-CN-CPDI-Ph assemblies were 4-fold higher than those of (R)-2Br-CPDI-Ph and (R)-2F-CPDI-Ph. All three nanomaterials exhibited fast switching speeds compared with previously reported N-substituted PDIs, suggesting that bay substitution can be an effective means of achieving rapid photoswitching. A comprehensive study using density functional theory calculations and crystal analyses revealed that the enhanced optoelectronic performance of (R)-CN-CPDI-Ph nanomaterials is related to the substitution of CN at the bay position of PDI. This minor change provides simultaneous improvements in electron injectability and structural order. Our findings demonstrate that bay substitution can significantly impact the self-assembly, supramolecular chirality, and optoelectronic properties of PDI nanomaterials.
Keyword (Author)
supramolecular chiralitybay substitutionphototransistorsperylene diimidesnanomaterials


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