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Cho, Kyung Hwa
Water-Environmental Informatics Lab.
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Effects of NaOH Activation on Adsorptive Removal of Herbicides by Biochars Prepared from Ground Coffee Residues

Lee, Yong-GuShin, JaegwanKwak, JinwooKim, SangwonSon, ChanggilCho, Kyung HwaChon, Kangmin
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ENERGIES, v.14, no.5, pp.1297
In this study, the adsorption of herbicides using ground coffee residue biochars without (GCRB) and with NaOH activation (GCRB-N) was compared to provide deeper insights into their adsorption behaviors and mechanisms. The physicochemical characteristics of GCRB and GCRB-N were analyzed using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction and the effects of pH, temperature, ionic strength, and humic acids on the adsorption of herbicides were identified. Moreover, the adsorption kinetics and isotherms were studied. The specific surface area and total pore volume of GCRB-N (405.33 m(2)/g and 0.293 cm(3)/g) were greater than those of GCRB (3.83 m(2)/g and 0.014 cm(3)/g). The GCBR-N could more effectively remove the herbicides (Q(e,exp) of Alachlor = 122.71 mu mol/g, Q(e,exp) of Diuron = 166.42 mu mol/g, and Q(e,exp) of Simazine = 99.16 mu mol/g) than GCRB (Q(e,exp) of Alachlor = 11.74 mu mol/g, Q(e,exp) of Diuron = 9.95 mu mol/g, and Q(e,exp) of Simazine = 6.53 mu mol/g). These results suggested that chemical activation with NaOH might be a promising option to make the GCRB more practical and effective for removing herbicides in the aqueous solutions.
Keyword (Author)
NaOH activationbiocharscompetitive adsorptionground coffee residueherbicides


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