Block Copolymer Directed Ordered Mesostructured TiNb2O7 Multimetallic Oxide Constructed of Nanocrystals as High Power Li-Ion Battery Anodes
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- Block Copolymer Directed Ordered Mesostructured TiNb2O7 Multimetallic Oxide Constructed of Nanocrystals as High Power Li-Ion Battery Anodes
- Jo, Changshin; Kim, Youngsik; Hwang, Jongkook; Shim, Jongmin; Chun, Jinyoung; Lee, Jinwoo
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, v.26, no.11, pp.3508 - 3514
- In order to achieve high-power and -energy anodes operating above 1.0 V (vs Li/Li+), titanium-based materials have been investigated for a long time. However, theoretically low lithium charge capacities of titanium-anodes have required new types of high-capacity anode materials. As a candidate, TiNb2O7 has attracted much attention due to the high theoretical capacity of 387.6 mA h g-1. However, the high formation temperature of the TiNb2O7 phase resulted in large-sized TiNb2O7 crystals, thus resulting in poor rate capability. Herein, ordered mesoporous TiNb2O7 (denoted as m-TNO) was synthesized by block copolymer assisted self-assembly, and the resulting binary metal oxide was applied as an anode in a lithium ion battery. The nanocrystals (∼15 nm) developed inside the confined pore walls and large pores (∼40 nm) of m-TNO resulted in a short diffusion length for lithium ions/electrons and fast penetration of electrolyte. As a stable anode, the m-TNO electrode exhibited a high capacity of 289 mA h g-1 (at 0.1 C) and an excellent rate performance of 162 mA h g-1 at 20 C and 116 mA h g-1 at 50 C (= 19.35 A g-1) within a potential range of 1.0-3.0 V (vs Li/Li+), which clearly surpasses other Ti-and Nb-based anode materials (TiO2, Li4Ti5O12, Nb 2O5, etc.) and previously reported TiNb2O 7 materials. The m-TNO and carbon coated m-TNO electrodes also demonstrated stable cycle performances of 48 and 81% retention during 2,000 cycles at 10 C rate, respectively.
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