Techno-economic analysis of H-2 energy storage system based on renewable energy certificate
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- Techno-economic analysis of H-2 energy storage system based on renewable energy certificate
- Lee, Boreum; Lim, Dongjun; Lee, Hyunjun; Byun, Manhee; Lim, Hankwon
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- RENEWABLE ENERGY, v.167, pp.91 - 98
- A techno-economic analysis (TEA) was conducted to evaluate the economic profitability and feasibility for a H-2 energy storage system using an alkaline and a polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolysis for 1 MW water electrolysis operation. Many economic analysis methods such as itemized cost estimation, profitability analysis using a cumulative cash flow diagram, and uncertainty analysis employing a Monte-Carlo simulation method were utilized to perform a TEA. In particular, a renewable energy certificate (REC) was considered as an additional benefit of a renewable energy use. From itemized cost estimation, respective levelized costs of H-2 of 7.21 and 9.19 $ kgH(2)(-1) were obtained for both H-2 energy storage systems in an alkaline and a polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolysis by considering current economy situation and therefore it is still difficult to be cost-competitive compared to a commercial H-2 production cost. From profitability and uncertainty analysis results, an appropriate REC weight was confirmed in terms of discounted profitability criteria like a discounted payback period, a net present value, a present value ratio, and a discounted cash flow rate of return. In addition, a REC weight was affected on a net present value compared to a REC trading cost fluctuation. (c) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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