Intermolecular interactions of chitosan: Degree of acetylation and molecular weight
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- Intermolecular interactions of chitosan: Degree of acetylation and molecular weight
- Lim, Chanoong; Hwang, Dong Soo; Lee, Dong Woog
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS, v.259, pp.117782
- The degree of acetylation (DA), which determines as the molar proportion of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine units on chitosan, characterizes the physical, chemical, and biological properties of chitosan. Thus, DA can be a critical factor in the utilization of chitosan. Nevertheless, quantitative studies on the molecular interactions of chitosan as a function of DA are lacking. Here, we directly measured the molecular interaction (adhesion and cohesion) of molecularly thin chitosan films, dependent on the molecular weight and DA, using a surface forces apparatus. Using low molecular weight (LMW,-5 kDa) and high molecular weight (HMW,-135 kDa) chitosan, we obtained several DA ranges through a reacetylation method. The interactions of LMW chitosan were greatly influenced by the intrinsic charge of the chitosan units, whereas for HMW chitosan, chain flexibility was found to be the major factor affecting molecular interaction Taken together, our comprehensive data provides a holistic understanding of the interaction mechanism of chitosan.
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