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Kim, Kwang S.
Center for Superfunctional Materials (CSM)
Research Interests
  • Theoretical/experimental nanosciences, molecular electronics spectroscopy, energy materials

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Anharmonicity-Driven Rashba Cohelical Excitons Break Quantum Efficiency Limitation

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Title
Anharmonicity-Driven Rashba Cohelical Excitons Break Quantum Efficiency Limitation
Author
Myung, Chang WooKim, Kwang S.
Issue Date
2021-02
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Citation
ADVANCED MATERIALS, v.33, no.5, pp.2005400
Abstract
Closed-shell light-emitting diodes (LEDs) suffer from the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) limitation imposed by optically inactive triplet excitons. Here, an unrevealed emission mechanism of lead halide perovskites (LHPs) APbX(3) (A = Cs/CN2H5; X = Cl/Br/I) that circumvents the efficiency limit of closed-shell LEDs is explored. Though efficient emission is prohibited by optically inactive J = 0 in inversion symmetric LHPs, the anharmonicity arising from stereochemistry of Pb and resonant orbital-bonding network along the imaginary A(+ horizontal ellipsis )X(-)(T-1u) transverse optical (TO) modes, breaks inversion symmetry, introducing disorder and Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling (RD-SOC). This results in bright cohelical and dark antihelical excitons. Many-body theory and first-principles calculations show that the optically active cohelical exciton is the lowest excited state in organic/inorganic LHPs. Thus, RD-SOC can drive to achieve the ideal 50% IQE by utilizing anharmonicity, much over the 25% IQE limitation for closed-shell LEDs.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/49942
URL
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adma.202005400
DOI
10.1002/adma.202005400
ISSN
0935-9648
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