Mechanochemistry for ammonia synthesis under mild conditions
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- Mechanochemistry for ammonia synthesis under mild conditions
- Han, Gao-Feng; Li, Feng; Chen, Zhi-Wen; Coppex, Claude; Kim, Seok-Jin; Noh, Hyuk-Jun; Fu, Zhengping; Lu, Yalin; Singh, Chandra Veer; Siahrostami, Samira; Jiang, Qing; Baek, Jong-Beom
- Issue Date
- NATURE RESEARCH
- NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
- The ammonia was synthesized under ambient conditions via a mechanochemical method, reaching a final concentration of 82.5 vol%.
Ammonia, one of the most important synthetic feedstocks, is mainly produced by the Haber-Bosch process at 400-500 degrees C and above 100 bar. The process cannot be performed under ambient conditions for kinetic reasons. Here, we demonstrate that ammonia can be synthesized at 45 degrees C and 1 bar via a mechanochemical method using an iron-based catalyst. With this process the ammonia final concentration reached 82.5 vol%, which is higher than state-of-the-art ammonia synthesis under high temperature and pressure (25 vol%, 450 degrees C, 200 bar). The mechanochemically induced high defect density and violent impact on the iron catalyst were responsible for the mild synthesis conditions.
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