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Ruoff, Rodney S.
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM)
Research Interests
  • Next generation carbons, ultrathin sp3-bonded carbon sheets, negative curvature (‘Schwartzites’) carbons, sp3/sp2 hybrid carbon materials, model compounds for novel carbon materials, reaction mechanisms

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Synthesis of Diamond-Like Carbon Nanofiber Films

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Title
Synthesis of Diamond-Like Carbon Nanofiber Films
Author
Lee, Kee HanLee, Sun HwaRuoff, Rodney S.
Issue Date
2020-10
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
ACS NANO, v.14, no.10, pp.13663 - 13672
Abstract
A film formed of densely packed amorphous carbon nanofibers is synthesized by chemical vapor deposition using acetylene and hydrogen gases as precursors and copper nanoparticles (<25 nm in diameter) as the catalyst at low temperatures (220-300 degrees C). This film has a high concentration of sp(3) carbon (sp(3)/sp(2) carbon ratio of similar to 1-1.9) with a hydrogen concentration of 25-44 atom %, which qualifies it as hydrogenated diamond-like carbon. This hydrogenated diamond-like carbon nanofiber film has properties akin to those of diamond-like carbon films. It has a high electrical resistivity (1.2 +/- 0.1 x 10(6) Omega cm), a density of 2.5 +/- 0.2 g cm(-3), and is chemically inert. Because of its morphology, different from diamond-like carbon films on the nanometer scale, it has a higher surface area of 28 +/- 0.7 m(2) g(-1) and has differences in mechanical properties, such as Young's modulus, hardness, and coefficient of friction. The hydrophobicity of this film is comparable to the best diamond-like carbon films, and it is wettable by oil and organic solvents. The nanofibers can also be separated from the substrate and each other and be used in a powder form.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/49295
URL
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.0c05810
DOI
10.1021/acsnano.0c05810
ISSN
1936-0851
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CHM_Journal Papers
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