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Baig, Chunggi
Theoretical and Computational Study of Polymers & Nanomaterials Lab.
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Bio-Inspired Gradient Conductivity and Stiffness for Ultrasensitive Electronic Skins

Lee, YoungohMyoung, JinyoungCho, SoowonPark, JonghwaKim, JinyoungLee, HochanLee, YoungsuLee, SeungjaeBaig, ChunggiKo, Hyunhyub
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ACS NANO, v.15, no.1, pp.1795 - 1804
Hierarchical and gradient structures in biological systems with special mechanical properties have inspired innovations in materials design for construction and mechanical applications. Analogous to the control of stress transfer in gradient mechanical structures, the control of electron transfer in gradient electrical structures should enable the development of high-performance electronics. This paper demonstrates a high performance electronic skin (e-skin) via the simultaneous control of tactile stress transfer to an active sensing area and the corresponding electrical current through the gradient structures. The flexible e-skin sensor has extraordinarily high piezoresistive sensitivity at low power and linearity over a broad pressure range based on the conductivity-gradient multilayer on the stiffness-gradient interlocked microdome geometry. While stiffness-gradient interlocked microdome structures allow the efficient transfer and localization of applied stress to the sensing area, the multilayered structure with gradient conductivity enables the efficient regulation of piezoresistance in response to applied pressure by gradual activation of current pathways from outer to inner layers, resulting in a pressure sensitivity of 3.8 X 10(5) kPa(-1) with linear response over a wide range of up to 100 kPa. In addition, the sensor indicated a rapid response time of 0.016 ms, a low minimum detectable pressure level of 0.025 Pa, a low operating voltage (100 mu V), and high durability during 8000 repetitive cycles of pressure application (80 kPa). The high performance of the e-skin sensor enables acoustic wave detection, differentiation of gas characterized by different densities, subtle tactile manipulation of objects, and real-time monitoring of pulse pressure waveform.
Keyword (Author)
electronic skintactile sensorgradient conductivityhigh sensitivitylinear sensing


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