Short-Term Forecasting of Satellite-Based Drought Indices Using Their Temporal Patterns and Numerical Model Output
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- Short-Term Forecasting of Satellite-Based Drought Indices Using Their Temporal Patterns and Numerical Model Output
- Park, Sumin; Im, Jungho; Han, Daehyeon; Rhee, Jinyoung
- Issue Date
- REMOTE SENSING, v.12, no.21, pp.3499
- Drought forecasting is essential for effectively managing drought-related damage and providing relevant drought information to decision-makers so they can make appropriate decisions in response to drought. Although there have been great efforts in drought-forecasting research, drought forecasting on a short-term scale (up to two weeks) is still difficult. In this research, drought-forecasting models on a short-term scale (8 days) were developed considering the temporal patterns of satellite-based drought indices and numerical model outputs through the synergistic use of convolutional long short term memory (ConvLSTM) and random forest (RF) approaches over a part of East Asia. Two widely used drought indices-Scaled Drought Condition Index (SDCI) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI)-were used as target variables. Through the combination of temporal patterns and the upcoming weather conditions (numerical model outputs), the overall performances of drought-forecasting models (ConvLSTM and RF combined) produced competitive results in terms of r (0.90 and 0.93 for validation SDCI and SPI, respectively) and nRMSE (0.11 and 0.08 for validation of SDCI and SPI, respectively). Furthermore, our short-term drought-forecasting model can be effective regardless of drought intensification or alleviation. The proposed drought-forecasting model can be operationally used, providing useful information on upcoming drought conditions with high resolution (0.05 degrees).
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