An inflammatory vascular endothelium-mimicking microfluidic device to enable leukocyte rolling and adhesion for rapid infection diagnosis
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- An inflammatory vascular endothelium-mimicking microfluidic device to enable leukocyte rolling and adhesion for rapid infection diagnosis
- Kwon, Seyong; Kurmashev, Amanzhol; Lee, Min Seok; Kang, Joo H.
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY
- BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS, v.168, pp.112558
- Recruitment of circulating leukocytes to sites of infection is of utmost importance in the development, propagation, and outcome of sepsis. These multi-step processes are mediated by interactions between adhesion receptors of leukocytes and cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) of endothelial cells, such as P-selectin, E-selectin and ICAM-1. However, the potential utility of the CAMs-facilitated leukocyte capture has not been thoroughly investigated as an index of the host response to infection for diagnostic purposes. Here, we report that the systemic infection affects the expression of CAMs ligands on leukocytes, upregulating the expression of P-selectin ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and increasing the number of PSGL-1- and E-selectin ligand-1 (ESL-1)-expressing leukocyte levels in septic blood. We leveraged this finding to determine infection by measuring the increased adhesion of leukocytes to an inflammatory vascular endothelium-mimicking microchannel coated with CAMs. We successfully validated that the proposed method can significantly differentiate infection in bacteremia and endotoxemia models in rats as early as an hour post-infection using a finger-prick volume of blood (50 mu L), which were unachievable with the conventional diagnostic methods.
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