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Fusion Plasma Physics Laboratory
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Empirical scaling of then=2 error field penetration threshold in tokamaks

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Title
Empirical scaling of then=2 error field penetration threshold in tokamaks
Author
Logan, N. C.Park, J. -K.Hu, Q.Paz-Soldan, C.Markovic, T.Wang, H.In, Y.Piron, L.Piovesan, P.Myers, C. E.Maraschek, M.Wolfe, S. M.Strait, E. J.Munaretto, S.
Issue Date
2020-08
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation
NUCLEAR FUSION, v.60, no.8, pp.086010
Abstract
This paper presents a multi-machine, multi-parameter scaling law for then = 2 core resonant error field threshold that leads to field penetration, locked modes, and disruptions. Here,nis the toroidal harmonic of the non-axisymmetric error field (EF). While density scalings have been reported by individual tokamaks in the past, this work performs a regression across a comprehensive range of densities, toroidal fields, and pressures accessible across three devices using a common metric to quantify the EF in each device. The metric used is the amount of overlap between an EF and the spectrum that drives the largest linear ideal MHD resonance, known as the "dominant mode overlap". This metric, which takes into account both the external field and plasma response, is scaled against experimental parameters known to be important for the inner layer physics. These scalings validate non-linear MHD simulation scalings, which are used to elucidate the dominant inner layer physics. Both experiments and simulations show that core penetration thresholds for EFs with toroidal mode numbern = 2 are of the same order as then = 1 thresholds that are considered most dangerous on current devices. Bothn = 1 andn = 2 thresholds scale to values within the ITER design tolerances, but data from additional devices with a range of sizes are needed in order to increase confidence in quantitative extrapolations ofn = 2 thresholds to ITER.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/47849
URL
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1741-4326/ab94f8
DOI
10.1088/1741-4326/ab94f8
ISSN
0029-5515
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