Deep-Learning-Based Predictive Architectures for Self-Piercing Riveting Process
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- Deep-Learning-Based Predictive Architectures for Self-Piercing Riveting Process
- Oh, Sehyeok; Kim, Hyun Kyung; Jeong, Taek-Eon; Kam, Dong-Hyuck; Ki, Hyungson
- Issue Date
- IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
- IEEE ACCESS, v.8, pp.116254 - 116267
- Deep-learning architectures were developed for the self-piercing riveting (SPR) process to predict the cross-sectional shape from the scalar input of the punch force. Traditionally, the SPR process is studied using a physic-based approach, including finite element modeling, but in this study, a data-driven approach consisting of two supervised deep-learning models was proposed. The first model was used for data transformation from an optical microscopic image to a material segmentation map, which characterizes the shape and location of the two sheets and the rivet by applying a convolutional neural network (CNN)-based deep-learning structure. To validate the developed models, two types of sheet combinations were tested, namely, carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) and galvanized dual-phase steel (GA590DP) sheets, and steel alloy (SPFC590DP) and aluminum alloy (Al5052-H32) sheets. The transformation was performed with a mean intersection-over-union of 98.50% and a mean pixel accuracy of 99.78%. The next model, which was a novel generative model based on a CNN and conditional generative adversarial network with residual blocks, was then trained to predict the cross-sectional shape from the input punch force. The predicted cross-sectional shapes were compared with the experimental results of SPR. The overall accuracy was 94.20% for CFRP-GA590DP and 96.31% for SPFC590DP-Al5052, with respect to three key geometrical indexes, namely, rivet head height, interlock length, and bottom thickness.
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