VO(x)-coated LiMn(2)O(4) nanorod clusters for lithium battery cathode materials
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- VO(x)-coated LiMn(2)O(4) nanorod clusters for lithium battery cathode materials
- Cho, Jaephil
- Cathodes; Coated materials; Lithium batteries; Solid solutions; Vanadium compounds
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, v.18, no.19, pp.2257 - 2261
- VOx-coated LiMn2O4 spinel nanorod clusters as a lithium battery cathode material are prepared by mixing OV(CH 3H7)3 dissolved in ethanol and LiMn 2O4 powder consisting of nanorod clusters and firing this mixture at 700 °C. In the coated spinel, the V atoms are distributed within ∼30 nm of the particle surface without showing any coating layer, indicating the possible formation of a solid solution (LiMn2-xV xO4). The coated nanorod clusters exhibit a comparable rate capability to an uncoated counterpart, showing a discharge capacity of 117 mAh g-1 at a rate of 7 C (= 1400 mA g-1), which corresponds to 89% of the capacity retention ratio at room temperature. Further, the coated cathode exhibits excellent structural stability in storage at 80 °C for 24h; a significantly decreased amount of Mn dissolution (60 ppm) is observed, in contrast to that of an uncoated counterpart (5000 ppm).
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