Subchannel analysis of a small ultra-long cycle fast reactor core
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- Subchannel analysis of a small ultra-long cycle fast reactor core
- Seo, Han; Kim, Ji Hyun; Bang, In Cheol
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
- NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN, v.270, pp.389 - 395
- Thermal-hydraulic evaluation of a small ultra-long cycle fast reactor (UCFR) core is performed based on existing safety regulations. The UCFR is an innovative reactor newly designed with long-life core based on the breed-and-burn strategy and has a target electric power of 100 MWe (UCFR-100). Low enriched uranium (LEU) located at the bottom region of the core play the role of igniter to operate the UCFR for 60 years without refueling. A metallic form is selected as a burning fuel region material after the LEU location. HT-9 and sodium are used as cladding and coolant materials, respectively. In the present study, MATRA-LMR, subchannel analysis code, is used for evaluating the safety design limit of the UCFR-100 in terms of fuel, cladding, and coolant temperature distributions in the core as design criteria of a general fast reactor. The start-up period (0 year of operation), the middle of operating period (30 years of operation), and the end of operating cycle (60 years of operation) are analyzed and evaluated. The maximum cladding surface temperature (MCST) at the BOC (beginning of core life) is 498 C on average and 551 C when considering peaking factor, while the MCST at the MOC (middle of core life) is 498 C on average and 548 C in the hot channel, respectively, and the MCST at the EOC (end of core life) is 499 C on average and 538 C in the hot channel, respectively. The maximum cladding surface temperature over the long cycle is found at the BOC due to its high peaking factor. It is found that all results including fuel rods, cladding, and coolant exit temperature are below the safety limit of general SFR design criteria.
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