Dimers of human -defensins and their interactions with the POPG membrane
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- Dimers of human -defensins and their interactions with the POPG membrane
- Chen, Wen Wen; Yoon, Yong-Jin; Leong, Susanna Su Jan; Kwak, Sang Kyu
- Issue Date
- TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
- MOLECULAR SIMULATION, v.39, no.11, pp.849 - 859
- The stable dimeric structures of human β-defensin (HBD)-3 and-28 have been first computationally identified via a protein docking approach in conjunction with all atom molecular dynamic simulation. We found that both HBD dimers contain an extended β-sheet platform stabilised mainly by the interaction of second β-sheets and further investigated interaction mechanisms of these dimers including HBD-2 against 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn- phosphatidylglycerol membrane bilayer by using coarse-grained model combined with the ElNeDyn network. The extended β-sheet platform of the HBD dimer stayed over the bilayer due to the attachment of the amphipathic region located on one side of the β-sheet platform. The hydrophobic residues of HBDs on the surface interact with the hydrophobic tails of the lipids, whereas the positively charged residues interact with the lipid polar head groups. Finally, antimicrobial nature of HBD-2, HBD-3 and HBD-28 dimers is found to be kept because they are not detached in interacting with the membrane.
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