Actin-based confinement of calcium responses during Shigella invasion
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- Actin-based confinement of calcium responses during Shigella invasion
- Nhieu, Guy Tran Van; Liu, Bing Kai; Zhang, Jie; Pierre, Fabienne; Prigent, Sylvie; Sansonetti, Philippe; Erneux, Christophe; Kim, Jung Kuk; Suh, Pann-Ghill; Dupont, Genevieve; Combettes, Laurent
- Issue Date
- NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.4, pp.1 - 10
- Shigella, the agent of bacillary dysentery, invades epithelial cells by locally inducing actin reorganization. Upon cell invasion, Shigella induces calcium (Ca2+) signalling, but its role in invasion has remained unclear. Here we show that components involved in inositol 1, 4, 5- trisphosphate (InsP(3)) signalling are implicated in Shigella invasion. Although global Ca2+ responses are dispensable for bacterial invasion, local Ca2+ responses of unprecedented long duration are associated with invasion sites. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching experiments indicate that diffusion of small solutes is hindered at Shigella-invasion sites and that diffusion hindrance is dependent on bacterially induced actin reorganization. Computational simulations and experimental challenge of the model support the notion that local accumulation of InsP(3) permitted by restricted diffusion and enrichment of InsP3 receptors account for sustained local Ca2+ increases at entry sites. Thus, cytoskeletal reorganization through diffusion hindrance shapes the duration of local Ca2+ signals.
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