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Seo, Yongwon
Advanced Clean Energy Lab.
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Phase equilibria and dissociation enthalpies of HFC-134a hydrate in NaCl solutions for potential application in desalination

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한국화학공학회 2016년도 봄 학술대회
The gas hydrate-based technology has recently attracted significant attention for potential application in desalination. In this study, the three-phase (hydrate (H) - liquid water (LW) - vapor (V)) equilibria of the HFC-134a + NaCl (0, 3.5, and 8.0 wt%) + water systems were measured using both a stepwise differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) method and a conventional isochoric (pVT) method to identify the influence of salts on thermodynamic stability of the HFC-134a hydrate. The stepwise DSC method was found to be less time-consuming and provided reliable hydrate phase equilibria of the HFC-134a hydrates in the NaCl solutions. The significant thermodynamic inhibition was observed in the presence of NaCl. The dissociation enthalpies (ΔHd) of the HFC-134a hydrates with NaCl were measured using a high pressure micro-differential scanning calorimeter. The presence of NaCl did not demonstrate significant effect on the ΔHd of the HFC-134a hydrate. The experimental results in this study provided fundamental properties for the hydrate-based desalination process using HFC-134a.


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