Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Escherichia coli Inactivation by Cupric Ion
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- Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Escherichia coli Inactivation by Cupric Ion
- Park, Hee-Jin; Nguyen, Thuy T. M.; Yoon, Jeyong; Lee, Changha
- Chelating agent; Concentration-dependent; Cupric ions; E. coli; Hydroxyl radicals; Oxidative damage; Reactive oxygen species; Reduction of oxygen; Superoxide radical; Superoxides
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, v.46, no.20, pp.11299 - 11304
- This study demonstrated Escherichia coil inactivation by cupric ion (Cu[II]), focusing on intracellular generation and consumption of reactive oxygen species (ROS) including superoxide and hydroxyl radials. In the presence of Cu(II), intracellular superoxide levels of E. coil decreased in a concentration-dependent manner, indicating that superoxide radical was used to reduce Cu(II) to Cu(I) in cells. The variation in the hydroxyl radical level by adding Cu(II) was negligible. Molecular oxygen and hydroxyl radical scavengers did not affect the inactivation efficacy of E. coil by Cu(II), excluding the possibility that hydroxyl radicals induced by the copper-mediated reduction of oxygen contributed to the microbiocidal action of Cu(II). However, the inactivation of E. coil by Cu(II) was considerably inhibited and accelerated by a Cu(I)-chelating agent and a Cu(II)-reducing agent, respectively. Our results suggest that the rnicrobiocidal action of Cu(II) is attributable to the cytotoxicity of cellularly generated Cu(I), which does not appear to be associated with oxidative damage by Cu(I)-driven ROS.
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