High-performance porous silicon monoxide anodes synthesized via metal-assisted chemical etching
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- High-performance porous silicon monoxide anodes synthesized via metal-assisted chemical etching
- Lee, Jung-In; Park, Soojin
- Anode material; Bulk silicon; Catalytic etching; Galvanic displacement; Galvanic reaction; High rate capability; High specific capacity; Lithium-ion battery; Metal-assisted chemical etching; Reversible capacity; Semiconducting materials; Silicon monoxide; Silver nanoparticles; Stable cycling
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- NANO ENERGY, v.2, no.1, pp.146 - 152
- We describe a simple process for synthesizing three-dimensional porous silicon monoxide anode materials from bulk silicon monoxide powders by combining a galvanic displacement reaction and metal catalytic etching process. Silver nanoparticles that act as a catalyst were deposited on the surface of silicon monoxide via a galvanic reaction. Subsequently, the silver-deposited silicon monoxide particles were chemically etched to synthesize porous silicon monoxide particles, without changing the chemical and physical properties of SiO. The carbon-coated porous silicon monoxide anodes exhibited excellent electrochemical properties, including a high specific capacity (1520 mA h g(-1)), a stable cycling retention (reversible capacity of 1490 mAh g(-1), after 50 cycles), and a high rate capability (74% at 3 C rate, compared to 0.1 C rate). This process may open up an effective way to make other porous semiconducting materials for a rich variety of applications, including lithium-ion batteries.
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