Shallow and Deep Trap State Passivation for Low-Temperature Processed Perovskite Solar Cells

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Title
Shallow and Deep Trap State Passivation for Low-Temperature Processed Perovskite Solar Cells
Author
Azmi, RandiNurrosyid, NaufanLee, Sang-HakAl Mubarok, MuhibullahLee, WooseopHwang, SunbinYin, WenpingAhn, Tae KyuKim, Tae-WookRyu, Du YeolDo, Young RagJang, Sung-Yeon
Issue Date
2020-04
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
ACS ENERGY LETTERS, v.5, no.5, pp.1396 - 1403
Abstract
While perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have emerged as promising low-cost solar power generators, most reported high-performance PSCs employ electron transport layers (ETLs, mainly TiO2) treated at high temperatures (≥450 °C), which may eventually hinder the development of flexible PSCs. Meanwhile, the development of low-temperature processed PSCs (L-PSCs) possessing performance levels comparable to those of high-temperature processed PSCs has actively been reported. In this study, L-PSCs with improved long-term stability and negligible hysteresis were developed through the effective passivation of shallow and deep traps in organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite (OIHP) crystals and at the ETL/OIHP interface. L-PSCs with alkaline chloride modification achieved state-of-the-art performance among reported L-PSCs (power conversion efficiency (PCE) = 22.6%) with a long-term shelf life. The origin of long-term stability and the efficient passivation of deep traps was revealed by monitoring the trap-state distribution. Moreover, the high PCE of a large-area device (21.3%, 1.12 cm2) was also demonstrated, confirming the uniformity of the modification.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/32155
URL
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00596
DOI
10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00596
ISSN
2380-8195
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