Universality, Scaling, and Collapse in Supercritical Fluids
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- Universality, Scaling, and Collapse in Supercritical Fluids
- Ha, Min Young; Yoon, Tae Jun; Tlusty, Tsvi; Jho, YongSeok; Lee, Won Bo
- Issue Date
- American Chemical Society
- JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, v.11, no.2, pp.451 - 455
- Supercritical fluid (SCF) is known to exhibit salient dynamic and thermodynamic crossovers and an inhomogeneous molecular distribution. However, the question as to what basic physics underlies these microscopic and macroscopic anomalies remains open. Here, using an order parameter extracted by machine learning, the fraction of gas-like (or liquid-like) molecules, we find simplicity and universality in SCF: First, all isotherms of a given fluid collapse onto a single master curve described by a scaling relation. The observed power law holds from the high-temperature and -pressure regime down to the critical point where it diverges. Second, phase diagrams of different compounds collapse onto their master curves by the same scaling exponent, thereby demonstrating a putative law of corresponding supercritical states in simple fluids. The reported results support a model of the SCF as a mixture of two interchangeable microstates, whose spatiotemporal dynamics gives rise to unique macroscopic properties.
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