Unassisted solar lignin valorisation using a compartmented photo-electro-biochemical cell
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- Unassisted solar lignin valorisation using a compartmented photo-electro-biochemical cell
- Ko, Myohwa; Pham, Le Thanh Mai; Sa, Young Jin; Woo, Jinwoo; Nguyen, Trang Vu Thien; Kim, Jae Hyung; Oh, Dongrak; Sharma, Pankaj; Ryu, Jungki; Shin, Tae Joo; Joo, Sang Hoon; Kim, Yong Hwan; Jang, Ji-Wook
- Issue Date
- Nature Publishing Group
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.10, pp.5123
- Lignin is a major component of lignocellulosic biomass. Although it is highly recalcitrant to break down, it is a very abundant natural source of valuable aromatic carbons. Thus, the effective valorisation of lignin is crucial for realising a sustainable biorefinery chain. Here, we report a compartmented photo-electro-biochemical system for unassisted, selective, and stable lignin valorisation, in which a TiO2 photocatalyst, an atomically dispersed Co-based electrocatalyst, and a biocatalyst (lignin peroxidase isozyme H8, horseradish peroxidase) are integrated, such that each system is separated using Nafion and cellulose membranes. This cell design enables lignin valorisation upon irradiation with sunlight without the need for any additional bias or sacrificial agent and allows the protection of the biocatalyst from enzymedamaging elements, such as reactive radicals, gas bubbles, and light. The photo-electrobiochemical system is able to catalyse lignin depolymerisation with a 98.7% selectivity and polymerisation with a 73.3% yield using coniferyl alcohol, a lignin monomer.
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