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Kwon, Young-Nam
Superior Membrane-based Advanced Research & Technology (SMART) Lab
Research Interests
  • Membrane, Reverse(Forward) osmosis, Membrane distillation, Hydrate-induced ice desalination

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Investigation of a Gas Hydrate Dissociation-Energy-Based Quick-Freezing Treatment for Sludge Cell Lysis and Dewatering

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Title
Investigation of a Gas Hydrate Dissociation-Energy-Based Quick-Freezing Treatment for Sludge Cell Lysis and Dewatering
Author
Kim, WoojeongLee, Hyung KaeKwon, Young-Nam
Issue Date
2019-09
Publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, v.16, no.19, pp.3611
Abstract
A gas Hydrate dissociation-energy-based Quick-Freezing treatment (HbQF) was applied for sewage sludge cell rupture and dewatering. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) molecules in sewage create CO2 gas hydrates, and subsequently the sludge rapidly freezes by releasing the applied pressure. Cell rupture was observed through a viability evaluation and leachate analysis. The decreased ratios of live cell to dead cells, increased osmotic pressure, and increased conductivity showed cell lysis and release of electrolytes via HbQF. The change in physicochemical properties of the samples resulting from HbQF was investigated via zeta potential measurement, rheological analysis, and particle size measurement. The HbQF treatment could not reduce the sludge water content when combined with membrane-based filtration post-treatment because of the pore blocking of fractured and lysed cells; however, it could achieve sludge microbial cell rupture, disinfection, and floc disintegration, causing enhanced reduction of water content and enhanced dewatering capability via a sedimentation post process. Furthermore, the organic-rich materials released by the cell rupture, investigated via the analysis of protein, polysaccharide, total organic carbon, and total nitrogen, may be returned to a biological treatment system or (an) aerobic digester to increase treatment efficiency.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/30320
URL
https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/19/3611
DOI
10.3390/ijerph16193611
ISSN
1661-7827
Appears in Collections:
UEE_Journal Papers
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