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Author

Kim, Guntae
GUNS Lab
Research Interests
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs)& SOE, metal-air batteries, ceramic membranes, PEMFC

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Chemical compatibility, redox behavior, and electrochemical performance of Nd1-xSrxCoO3-delta cathodes based on Ce1.9Gd0.1O1.95 for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

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Title
Chemical compatibility, redox behavior, and electrochemical performance of Nd1-xSrxCoO3-delta cathodes based on Ce1.9Gd0.1O1.95 for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells
Author
Choi, SihyukShin, JeeyoungOk, Kang MinKim, Guntae
Keywords
Anode supported cell; Area-specific resistances; Cathode materials; Chemical compatibility; Coulometric titration; Electrical conductivity; Electrochemical performance; GDC Electrolyte; Glycine nitrates; Half cells; Impedance spectroscopy; Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell; IT-SOFCs; Maximum power density; Oxygen non-stoichiometry; Redox behavior
Issue Date
201210
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.81, no., pp.217 - 223
Abstract
The effect of Sr substitution for Nd on Nd1-xSrxCoO3-delta (NSC)(x = 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.7) is investigated to evaluate NSC as a cathode material based on Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.95 (GDC) electrolyte for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The NSC powders are prepared by the glycine nitrate method. At a given temperature, the electrical conductivity increases with increasing Sr content up to x = 0.5 and then decreases for x > 0.5. The redox behavior of NSC (x = 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7) cathodes is studied by the coulometric titration at 700 degrees C. In order to investigate the area specific resistances of NSC-GDC cathodes, symmetrical half cells (cathode/electrolyte/cathode) are measured using impedance spectroscopy at various temperatures in air under open circuit voltage (OCV) condition. The electrochemical performance of NSC-GDC cathodes is measured using an NSC-GDC/GDC/Ni-GDC anode supported cell. The maximum power density of NSC-GDC cathodes increases with increasing strontium content up to x = 0.5 and then decreases at 700 degrees C. In terms of electrical conductivity and electrochemical performance, Nd1-xSrxCoO3-delta (x = 0.5) is more suitable as a cathode material based on GDC electrolyte in IT-SOFC applications.
URI
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.07.090
ISSN
0013-4686
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