Spatial and Seasonal Distribution of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in the Vicinity of an Iron and Steel Making Plant
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- Spatial and Seasonal Distribution of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in the Vicinity of an Iron and Steel Making Plant
- Baek, Song-Yee; Choi, Sung-Deuk; Park, Hyokeun; Kang, Jung-Ho; Chang, Yoon-Seok
- Annual mean; Aroclors; Atmospheric transport; Average air temperature; High concentration; Iron-and-steel making; Local scale; Meteorological condition; Passive air; Prevailing winds; Sampling period; Seasonal distributions; Seasonal patterns; Source-receptor relationships; Spatial distribution; Time-averaged; Wet scavenging
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, v.44, no.8, pp.3035 - 3040
- Four consecutive passive air samplings (September 2006 July 2007) were conducted at 15 sites around an iron and steel making plant in Pohang, Korea to investigate the spatial and seasonal distributions of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and ultimately the source-receptor relationships. Annual mean values of Sigma(8)PCBs (IUPAC number 8, 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180) were in the range of 15.1-166 pg/m(3) with an average of 53.0 pg/m(3). The spatial distribution of PCBs for each sampling period clearly suggests that the steel complex is a major source of PCBs in this area, and the prevailing winds facilitated the atmospheric transport and dispersion of PCBs from the steel complex to the surrounding areas. Seasonal patterns of PCBs were observed clearly, which were influenced by meteorological conditions; the highest levels of PCBs were observed with the highest average air temperature, and the influence of rainfall (i.e., wet scavenging) was also observed. In addition, PCB 11, a non-Aroclor congener, was detected in high concentrations at all sites, implying that the sources of PCB 11 are both unique and ubiquitous. This study confirms that passive air sampling is a useful tool to obtain seasonal and spatial distributions of time-averaged POPs data at a local scale.
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