Enhanced open circuit voltage by hydrophilic ionic liquids as buffer layer in conjugated polymer-nanoporous titania hybrid solar cells
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- Enhanced open circuit voltage by hydrophilic ionic liquids as buffer layer in conjugated polymer-nanoporous titania hybrid solar cells
- Choi, Hyosung; Cho, Heesook; Song, Suhee; Suh, Hongsuk; Park, Soojin; Kim, Jin Young
- PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS; MESOPOROUS TITANIA; TIO2; HETEROJUNCTION; DEVICES; FILMS; DYE; EFFICIENCIES; PERFORMANCE; OXIDE
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, v.12, no.46, pp.15309 - 15314
- We demonstrate the fabrication of a nanoporous titania (NP-TiO(2)) network structure by using a polystylene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) diblock copolymer template and modifying the surface of NP-TiO(2) with ionic liquids (ILs), bmim-BF(4) and benmim-Cl. The effect of the molecular weight of PS-b-P4VP on the morphology of the NP-TiO(2) and IL-modified NP-TiO(2) are characterized by scanning electron microscopy and contact angle measurements. Subsequently, hybrid solar cells are fabricated using MEH-PPV and NP-TiO(2), and the effect of IL layers and IL concentrations on device performances are evaluated under AM 1.5 G illumination. The devices containing bmim-BF(4) and benmim-Cl show drastically enhanced open circuit voltages (V(oc)) of 1.05 V and 0.91 V, respectively, while the reference device without an IL layer exhibits a V(oc) of 0.60 V. Significantly improved V(oc) can be attributed to the change in interfacial energy levels by formation of ionic double layers at the TiO(2)/IL and at the IL/MEH-PPV interfaces. We also observed the trend that short circuit current decreased and V(oc) increased with increasing IL concentration, which is ascribed to interruption of charge transfer from MEH-PPV to TiO(2) and the change in interfacial energy level by shifting the vacuum level, respectively.
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