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Jeong, Joonwoo
Experimental Soft Matter Physics Lab (SOPHY)
Research Interests
  • Liquid crystals, polymers, colloids, emulsions, pattern formation, microfluidics, microfabrication, optical microscopy

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Effects of chiral dopants on double-twist configurations of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals in a cylindrical cavity

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Title
Effects of chiral dopants on double-twist configurations of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals in a cylindrical cavity
Author
Eun, JongheeKim, Sung-JoJeong, Joonwoo
Issue Date
2019-07
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW E, v.100, no.1, pp.012702
Abstract
We investigate how chiral dopants affect the chiral symmetry breaking of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals (LCLCs) focusing on the double-twist (DT) director configurations in a cylindrical capillary. LCLCs of unusual elastic properties tend to exhibit chiral director configurations under confinement despite the absence of intrinsic chirality. The DT director configuration in a cylindrical cavity with a degenerate planar anchoring, resulting from the large saddle-splay-to-twist elastic modulus ratio, is a representative example. Here we start by reexamining the DT configuration of nematic disodium cromoglycate in a cylindrical capillary and estimate the ratio of saddle splay to bend modulus K-24/K-3 = 0.5 +/- 0.1. Additionally, we study the DT configurations of the chiral nematic LCLCs with chiral dopants. The DT configuration becomes homochiral when the dopant concentration surpasses the critical concentration. We characterize these chiral DT configurations and provide a theoretical model on their energetics. Finally, we observe how the enantiomeric excess of chiral dopants determines the director configuration when dopants of two different handednesses are mixed.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/27188
URL
https://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.100.012702
DOI
10.1103/physreve.100.012702
ISSN
2470-0045
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PHY_Journal Papers
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