Effects of chiral dopants on double-twist configurations of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals in a cylindrical cavity
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- Effects of chiral dopants on double-twist configurations of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals in a cylindrical cavity
- Eun, Jonghee; Kim, Sung-Jo; Jeong, Joonwoo
- Issue Date
- AMER PHYSICAL SOC
- PHYSICAL REVIEW E, v.100, no.1, pp.012702
- We investigate how chiral dopants affect the chiral symmetry breaking of lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals (LCLCs) focusing on the double-twist (DT) director configurations in a cylindrical capillary. LCLCs of unusual elastic properties tend to exhibit chiral director configurations under confinement despite the absence of intrinsic chirality. The DT director configuration in a cylindrical cavity with a degenerate planar anchoring, resulting from the large saddle-splay-to-twist elastic modulus ratio, is a representative example. Here we start by reexamining the DT configuration of nematic disodium cromoglycate in a cylindrical capillary and estimate the ratio of saddle splay to bend modulus K-24/K-3 = 0.5 +/- 0.1. Additionally, we study the DT configurations of the chiral nematic LCLCs with chiral dopants. The DT configuration becomes homochiral when the dopant concentration surpasses the critical concentration. We characterize these chiral DT configurations and provide a theoretical model on their energetics. Finally, we observe how the enantiomeric excess of chiral dopants determines the director configuration when dopants of two different handednesses are mixed.
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