Nutrient removal and microalgal biomass production from different anaerobic digestion effluents with Chlorella species
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- Nutrient removal and microalgal biomass production from different anaerobic digestion effluents with Chlorella species
- Yu, Hyeonjung; Kim, Jaai; Lee, Changsoo
- Issue Date
- Nature Publishing Group
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.9, no.1, pp.6123
- Potential of microalgal cultivation as an alternative approach to the treatment of anaerobic digestion (AD) effluents was examined using two representative Chlorella species, Chlorella vulgaris (CV) and Chlorella protothecoides (CP). Both species effectively removed NH 4 + -N from the AD effluents from four digesters treating different wastes under different operating conditions. In all experimental cultures on the AD effluents, NH 4 + -N (initial concentration, 40 mg/L) was completely removed within 10 days without residual NO 3 − -N or NO 2 − -N in batch mode. Compared to CP, CV showed greater biomass and lipid yields (advantageous for biodiesel production), regardless of the media used. Prolonged nitrogen starvation significantly increased the lipid accumulation in all cultures on the AD effluents, and the effect was more pronounced in the CV than in the CP cultures. On the other hand, compared to CV, CP showed significantly faster settling (advantageous for biomass harvesting) in all media. Our results suggest that the Chlorella cultivation on AD effluents under non-sterile, mixed-culture conditions may provide a viable way to manage and valorize the problematic effluents. Diverse bacteria derived from the AD effluents co-existed and presumably interacted with the Chlorella species in the cultures. © 2019, The Author(s).
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