Controllable Growth of (n, n - 1) Family of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes
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- Controllable Growth of (n, n - 1) Family of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes
- Zhang, Shuchen; Wang, Xiao; Yao, Fengrui; He, Maoshuai; Lin, Dewu; Ma, He; Sun, Yangyong; Zhao, Qiuchen; Liu, Kaihui; Ding, Feng; Zhang, Jin
- Issue Date
- CELL PRESS
- CHEM, v.5, no.5, pp.1182 - 1193
- Semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with controlled chirality (n, m) and band gaps are expected to create a new era of electronics. Here, we report a rational design to enable SWNTs' near-equilibrium nucleation and then grow a new family of semiconducting SWNTs: (n, n - 1) carbon nano-tubes. No metallic SWNTs were observed in similar to 100 samples by reflection optical spectral measurements. Combined with catalyst controlling, we have successfully synthesized both large-diameter (>2 nm) (n, n - 1) SWNTs and single-chirality (10, 9) SWNTs with abundances of 88% and >80%, respectively. Theoretical analysis indicates that the chirality of (n, n) tubes tends to change to (n, n - 1) by kinetically incorporating an energetically preferred pentagon-heptagon pair in the tube wall. This strategy opens up a new route for the growth of SWNT families beyond catalyst design.
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