Infinitesimal sulfur fusion yields quasi-metallic bulk silicon for stable and fast energy storage
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- Infinitesimal sulfur fusion yields quasi-metallic bulk silicon for stable and fast energy storage
- Ryu, Jaegeon; Seo, Ji Hui; Song, Gyujin; Choi, Keunsu; Hong, Dongki; Wang, Chongmin; Lee, Hosik; Lee, Jun Hee; Park, Soojin
- Issue Date
- Nature Publishing Group
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.10, no.1, pp.2351
- A fast-charging battery that supplies maximum energy is a key element for vehicle electrification. High-capacity silicon anodes offer a viable alternative to carbonaceous materials, but they are vulnerable to fracture due to large volumetric changes during charge–discharge cycles. The low ionic and electronic transport across the silicon particles limits the charging rate of batteries. Here, as a three-in-one solution for the above issues, we show that small amounts of sulfur doping (<1 at%) render quasi-metallic silicon microparticles by substitutional doping and increase lithium ion conductivity through the flexible and robust self-supporting channels as demonstrated by microscopy observation and theoretical calculations. Such unusual doping characters are enabled by the simultaneous bottom-up assembly of dopants and silicon at the seed level in molten salts medium. This sulfur-doped silicon anode shows highly stable battery cycling at a fast-charging rate with a high energy density beyond those of a commercial standard anode.
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