Mussel-inspired nitrogen-doped graphene nanosheet supported manganese oxide nanowires as highly efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction
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- Mussel-inspired nitrogen-doped graphene nanosheet supported manganese oxide nanowires as highly efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction
- Lee, Taemin; Jeon, Eun Kyung; Kim, Byeong-Su
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, v.2, no.17, pp.6167 - 6173
- Electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) play a vital role in determining the performance of fuel cells and metal-air batteries. Carbon nanomaterials doped with heteroatoms are highly attractive by virtue of their excellent electrocatalytic activity, high conductivity and large surface area. This study reports the synthesis of a highly efficient electrocatalyst based on nitrogen-doped (N-doped) graphene nanosheets (NG) using mussel-inspired dopamine as a nitrogen source. Dopamine undergoes oxidative polymerization that can functionalize the surface of graphene and also introduces nitrogen atoms onto the graphene nanosheets upon pyrolysis. N-doping not only leads to improved catalytic activity, but it also provides anchoring sites for the growth of electroactive amorphous manganese oxide nanowires on the graphene nanosheets (NG/MnOx). On the basis of a Koutecky-Levich plot, it is found that the hybrid NG/MnOx catalyst exhibits excellent catalytic activity with a direct four-electron pathway in ORR. Furthermore, the hybrid electrocatalyst possesses superior stability and gives a low yield of peroxide compared to commercial Pt/C catalysts. This suggests that the unique combination of an N-doped graphene support and amorphous MnOx nanowires can synergistically improve the catalytic activity for ORR.
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