Controlling the acid-base properties of alumina for stable PtSn-based propane dehydrogenation catalysts
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- Controlling the acid-base properties of alumina for stable PtSn-based propane dehydrogenation catalysts
- Jang, Eun Jeong; Lee, Jaekyoung; Jeong, Hu Young; Kwak, Ja Hun
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL, v.572, pp.1 - 8
- The surface properties of catalyst supports are important in regulating the catalytic properties of heterogeneous catalysts. Herein, we studied the effect of acid-base properties of alumina on metal-support interaction and coke deposition, and investigated the stability of catalysts in propane dehydrogenation (PDH) using PtSn/Al2O3. We prepared γ-Al2O3 (A750) from ammonium aluminum carbonate hydroxide (AACH) and compared it with a commercial sample (Sasol Puralox SBA-200; P200). We loaded 0.5 wt% Pt and 0.9 wt% Sn on alumina then conducted propane dehydrogenation at 590 °C (WHSV = 5.2 h−1). PtSn/A750 and PtSn/P200 showed compatible initial activity (conversion = ˜50%) and selectivity (> 95%). After 20 h of reaction, PtSn/A750 showed a slight decrease in activity (39.9%) while the activity of PtSn/P200 dropped significantly (28.4%). Spent catalysts showed different metal sintering behavior and coke deposition which are well known causes for catalyst deactivation. A high strength of Lewis acid sites in A750 (higher Td in ethanol TPD) prevented the sintering of metal by strong metal-support interaction. Also, the lower number of Lewis acid sites in A750 than that of P200 reduced deposited coke on the catalysts (PtSn/A750: 1.8 wt% and PtSn/P200: 8.6 wt%). Furthermore, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier-transform spectroscopy after CO adsorption at -150 °C clearly demonstrated that coke deposition was initiated from Lewis acid sites on the alumina surface, but then aromatization occurs at these sites. These results suggested that strong metal-support interactions to hold metal particles and less residual Lewis acid sites after metal loading to reduce coke deposition are important factors for designing stable and coke-resistant PtSn on alumina catalysts. Furthermore, precise characterization and understanding of the acid-base properties of alumina will contribute in developing catalysts with high stability.
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