Silicon Nanocanyon: One-Step Bottom-Up Fabrication of Black Silicon via in-Lasing Hydrophobic Self-Clustering of Silicon Nanocrystals for Sustainable Optoelectronics
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- Silicon Nanocanyon: One-Step Bottom-Up Fabrication of Black Silicon via in-Lasing Hydrophobic Self-Clustering of Silicon Nanocrystals for Sustainable Optoelectronics
- Back, Seunghyun; Kim, Seongbeom; Kwon, Seung-Gab; Park, Jong Eun; Park, Song Yi; Kim, Jin Young; Kang, Bongchul
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.10, no.42, pp.36523 - 36530
- We report a novel one-step bottom-up fabrication method for multiscale-structured black Si, which is characterized by randomly distributed microscale Si layers covered with sub-100 nm protrusions with submicron boundary grooves. The unique multiscale structure, suggested as a "nanocanyon," effectively minimizes light reflection over a broad spectrum by diversifying the scattering routes from the nanotextured surface to the wide distributed boundary micronanoscale grooves. This structure was achieved by hydrophobic clustering and local aggregation of instantaneously melted Si nanocrystals on a glass substrate under laser irradiation. This method can replace the complicated conventional silicon processes, such as patterning for selective Si formation, texturing for improved absorption, and doping for modifying the electrical properties, because the proposed method obviates the need for photolithography, chemical etching, vacuum processes, and expensive wafers. Finally, black Si photosensor arrays were successfully demonstrated by a low-cost solution process and a laser growth sintering technique for microchannel fabrication. The results show the great potential of the proposed fabrication method for low-cost and sustainable production of highly sensitive optoelectronics and as an alternative to conventional wafer-based photosensor manufacturing techniques.
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