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Chung, Dongil
Decision Neuroscience & Cognitive Engineering Lab
Research Interests
  • Decision Neuroscience; Neuroimaging; Neuroeconomics; Decision-making; Social interaction

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Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization

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Title
Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization
Author
Yun, KyongsikChung, DongilJang, BosunKim, Jin HoJeong, Jaeseung
Issue Date
2011-04
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation
PLOS ONE, v.6, no.4, pp.e18224
Abstract
Many mathematically gifted adolescents are characterized as being indolent, underachieving and unsuccessful despite their high cognitive ability. This is often due to difficulties with social and emotional development. However, research on social and emotional interactions in gifted adolescents has been limited. The purpose of this study was to observe differences in complex social strategic behaviors between gifted and average adolescents of the same age using the repeated Ultimatum Game. Twenty-two gifted adolescents and 24 average adolescents participated in the Ultimatum Game. Two adolescents participate in the game, one as a proposer and the other as a responder. Because of its simplicity, the Ultimatum Game is an apt tool for investigating complex human emotional and cognitive decision-making in an empirical setting. We observed strategic but socially impaired offers from gifted proposers and lower acceptance rates from gifted responders, resulting in lower total earnings in the Ultimatum Game. Thus, our results indicate that mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/23205
URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0018224
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0018224
ISSN
1932-6203
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BME_Journal Papers
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