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Lee, Hyun-Wook
Energy Storage and Electron Microscopy Laboratory
Research Interests
  • Energy storage, secondary batteries, transmission electron microscopy, real time analysis

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Artificial solid electrolyte interphase protected LixSi nanoparticles: an efficient and stable prelithiation reagent for lithium-ion batteries

Cited 3 times inthomson ciCited 4 times inthomson ci
Title
Artificial solid electrolyte interphase protected LixSi nanoparticles: an efficient and stable prelithiation reagent for lithium-ion batteries
Author
Zhao, JieLu, ZhendaWang, HaotianLiu, WeiLee, Hyun-WookYan, KaiZhuo, DenysLin, DingchangLiu, NianCui, Yi
Keywords
SILICON; ANODES; CARBONATES; GRAPHITE; DESIGN; BINDER; PHASE; RAMAN; SLMP
Issue Date
2015-07
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.137, no.26, pp.8372 - 8375
Abstract
Prelithiation is an important strategy to compensate for lithium loss in lithium-ion batteries, particularly during the formation of the solid electrolyte interphase (SET) from reduced electrolytes in the first charging cycle. We recently demonstrated that LixSi nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized by thermal alloying can serve as a high-capacity prelithiation reagent; although their chemical stability in the battery processing environment remained to be improved. Here we successfully developed a surface modification method to enhance the stability of LixSi NPs by exploiting the reduction of 1-fluorodecane on the LixSi surface to form a continuous and dense coating through a reaction process similar to SET formation. The coating, consisting of LiF and lithium alkyl carbonate with long hydrophobic carbon chains, serves as an effective passivation layer in the ambient environment. Remarkably, artificial-SET-protected LixSi NPs show a high prelithiation capacity of 2100 mA h g(-1) with negligible capacity decay in dry air after 5 days and maintain a high capacity of 1600 mA h g(-1) in humid air (similar to 10% relative humidity). Silicon, tin, and graphite were successfully prelithiated with these NPs to eliminate the irreversible first-cycle capacity loss. The use of prelithiation reagents offers a new approach to realize next-generation high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries.
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DOI
10.1021/jacs.5b04526
ISSN
0002-7863
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ECHE_Journal Papers
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