Natural Circulation with DOWTHERM RP and its MARS Code Implementation for Molten Salt-Cooled Reactors
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- Natural Circulation with DOWTHERM RP and its MARS Code Implementation for Molten Salt-Cooled Reactors
- Shin, Yukyung; Seo, Seok Bin; Kim, In Guk; Bang, In Cheol
- Issue Date
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, v.40, no.8, pp.1122 - 1133
- Recently, molten salt has received attention as a promising coolant for advanced nuclear reactors, especially for Fluoride salt cooled High temperature Reactor (FHR). The heat transfer characteristics of molten salt provide great advantages for application as a primary coolant, due to its superior performance in terms of sustainability, economics, safety, and reliability compared to gas coolant. However, understanding the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of molten salts by experimental method is difficult due to its high-temperature corrosion and toxicity issue. Therefore, oil fluids were introduced as simulants for studying the heat transfer phenomena of high Pr (Prandtl number) molten salts. In this study, a scaled-down experiment using simulant oil was conducted and scaling laws was applied to investigate a single-phase natural circulation, which is important in nuclear reactors as a part of their passive safety. DOWTHERM RP (Diaryl Alkyl) was considered as a heat transfer simulant in this study since it matches the relevant dimensionless numbers (Pr, Ra, Gr, Re, etc.) with those of molten salt. Prior to the experiment, the thermophysical properties of both the liquid and vapor phases of DOWTHERM oils were implemented into thermal-hydraulic system analysis code or MARS (Multi-dimensional Analysis of Reactor Safety) code, to enable simulation and further study of the molten salts. Then, natural circulation experiments were conducted with the scaled rectangular loop, to establish similarity and experimental feasibility. For the validation, two different codes (MARS, CFD) were used to simulate the same natural circulation loop. From the experimental data, new heat transfer correlation for a single-phase natural convection was developed, and the existing heat transfer correlations were compared.
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