Effect of gadolinium addition on the corrosion, wear, and neutron absorbing behaviors of duplex stainless steel sheet
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- Effect of gadolinium addition on the corrosion, wear, and neutron absorbing behaviors of duplex stainless steel sheet
- Baik, Youl; Choi, Yong; Moon, Byung M.; Sohn, Dong-Seong; Bogdanov, Simeon G.; Pirogov, Alexander N.
- Issue Date
- MAIK NAUKA/INTERPERIODICA/SPRINGER
- PHYSICS OF METALS AND METALLOGRAPHY, v.116, no.11, pp.1135 - 1142
- In order to develop the neutron absorbing and shield materials, a hot-rolled 0.02%-Gd duplex stainless steel was prepared with 55 vol. % of ferrite and 45 vol. % of austenite. The sigma phase with an average grain size of 9-11 mu m in austenitic (gamma) grains tended to be elongated parallel to the rolling direction, with (100) poles concentrated towards the normal direction, and (110) poles located between the normal and radial directions (ND and RD, respectively). Most of the gadolinium existed as sub-micro-meter-sized Gd2O3 and GdCrO3 precipitates. The yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, elongation, and microhardness of the 0.02%-Gd duplex stainless steel were 522.8 MPa, 700.2 MPa, 38.1%, and 258.5-314.7 HV, respectively. The friction coefficient and wear resistance were 3.11 and 0.004 mg/kg/cycle, respectively. The corrosion potential and corrosion rate of the 0.02%-Gd duplex stainless steel were-0.448 V (SHE) and 1.263 x 10(-3) A/cm(2) for 1M-HCl,-0.544 V (SHE) and 2.619 x 10(-3) A/cm(2) for 1M-NaCl,-0.299 V (SHE) and 1.469 x 10(-3) A/cm(2) for 1M-H2SO4, and-0.607 V (SHE) and 2.295 x 10(-3) A/cm(2) for synthetic water, respectively. The coefficient of neutron transmission for the 0.02%-Gd duplex stainless steel sheet of 2 mm thickness at neutron beam wavelength of 0.48 nm was 0.6.
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