Water-soluble copolymers. I. Synthesis of model dextran-g-polyacrylamides by Fe(II)/H2O2 initiation and characterization by aqueous size exclusion chromatography
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- Water-soluble copolymers. I. Synthesis of model dextran-g-polyacrylamides by Fe(II)/H2O2 initiation and characterization by aqueous size exclusion chromatography
- Park, Lee Soon; Mccormick, Charles L.
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- JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, v.26, no.5, pp.1705 - 1717
- Model graft copolymers were synthesized by grafting acrylamide onto dextran (M̄w = 500,000) utilizing the Fe(II)/H2O2 initiation system. Aqueous size exclusion chromatography (SEC) was used to determine the effects of changing reaction parameters on hydrodynamic dimensions of the resulting graft copolymers. It was also possible to optimize reaction conditions yielding the highest viscosity graft copolymer with the least amount of homopolyacrylamide and unreacted substrate. The molecular structures of the graft copolymers were determined by elemental analysis, SEC, and solution viscometry. Selective hydrolysis of the dextran backbone allowed determination of average molecular weight of acrylamide grafts, number of grafting sites, and average molecular weight of the graft copolymers. Rheological studies indicated viscosity and pseudoplastic behavior were largely related to the graft length of the polyacrylamide side chains.
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