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Bang, In Cheol
Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics & Reactor Safety Lab
Research Interests
  • Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics
  • Nuclear Safety
  • Nuclear System Design & Analysis
  • Nanofluids
  • Critical Heat Flux

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Swirling performance of flow-driven rotating mixing vane toward critical heat flux enhancement

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Title
Swirling performance of flow-driven rotating mixing vane toward critical heat flux enhancement
Author
Sea, HanPark, Seong DaeBin Seo, SeokHeo, HyoBang, In Cheol
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, v.89, pp.1216 - 1229
Abstract
This paper presents experimental swirl generation measurements using a flow-driven rotating vane for heat transfer and critical heat flux enhancement in subchannels. In nuclear power plants, there are swirl generators, which are located on the top of the structural grids in the fuel assemblies. The mixing vanes are fixed on the spacer grids, thus there would be a limit for enhancing heat transfer performance because of the fixed positions. An innovative swirl generator, called moving rotational vane, was used to enhance heat transfer performance as well as critical heat flux by maximizing centrifugal force due to the swirl flow on the spacer grid. The experiments were conducted in vertical and horizontal flow experimental facilities using three types of vanes: (1) spacer grid (SG), (2) fixed split vane (FSV), and (3) moving rotational vane (MRV). Particle image velocimetry was applied to visualize the flow characteristics along the test sections; averaged velocity fields, averaged velocity vector components u and v, lateral and longitudinal flow distributions, turbulence intensities, and swirl ratio were analyzed. Computational fluid dynamics analysis was performed to show the effect of swirl generation and an air bubble injection experiment was conducted to show the effect of using the MRV. The pressure drop observed from the experiment using the SG, FSV, and MRV was 0.85, 1.97 and 2.59 kPa, respectively. On the other hand, in the CFD analysis, the pressure drop of the SG, FSV, and MRV was 1.86, 1.95, and 2.01 kPa at the same measurement length of the experiment, respectively. Swirl ratio was analyzed for the FSV and MRV. The swirl ratio of the MRV showed higher value compared to the FSV including conventional fixed split vanes. The analysis showed that the MRV induced the most powerful swirl generation. The MRV could provide secondary flow structures such as mixing and turbulence; thus, enhanced heat transfer as well as critical heat flux performance could be expected. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/17178
URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0017931015006638
DOI
10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.06.041
ISSN
0017-9310
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