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Jin, Hosub
Quantum Materials Design Lab
Research Interests
  • Spin-orbit coupling, electron-correlation, topological quantum phases

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Cs(2)M(II)M(3)(IV)Q(8) (Q=S, Se, Te): An Extensive Family of Layered Semiconductors with Diverse Band Gaps

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Title
Cs(2)M(II)M(3)(IV)Q(8) (Q=S, Se, Te): An Extensive Family of Layered Semiconductors with Diverse Band Gaps
Author
Morris, CDLi, HJin, HosubMalliakas, CDPeters, JATrikalitis, PNFreeman, AJWessels, BWKanatzidis, MG
Keywords
METAL POLYSELENOPHOSPHATE FLUXES; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE; RADIATION DETECTION; PHASE-CHANGE; X-RAY; HEXASELENODISTANNATE(III) K6SN2SE6; 2ND-HARMONIC GENERATION; TIN SULFIDES; HIGH-DENSITY; CHALCOGENIDES; chalcogenide; semiconductors; hard radiation detection; crystal growth; photoconductivity
Issue Date
2013-08
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, v.25, no., pp.3344 - 3356
Abstract
Flame-melting rapid-cooling reactions were used to synthesize a number of pure phases of the Cs(2)M(II)M(3)(IV)Q(8) family (M-II = Mg, Zn, Cd, Hg; M-IV = Ge, Sn; Q = S, Se, Te) whereas the more toxic members were synthesized using a traditional tube furnace synthesis. All Cs(2)M(II)M(3)(IV)Q(8) compounds presented here crystallize in the noncentrosymmetric space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), except for Cs2ZnGe3S8, which crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group P2(1)/n. The structures contain chains of corner-sharing M(II)Q, and M(IV)Q(4) tetrahedra linked by edge-sharing M(2)(IV)Q(6) dimers to give a two-dimensional structure. All phases are structurally similar to the AM(III)M(IV)Q(4) (A = alkali metal, Ti, M-III = Al, Ga, In; M-IV = Si, Ge, Sn; Q = S, Se) phases; however, the members of this family have completely ordered M-II and M-IV sites as opposed to the occupational disorder of M-III and M-IV over all tetrahedral sites present in AM(III)M(IV)Q(4). The structural trends of the Cs(2)M(II)M(3)(IV)Q(8) family are discussed, along with a systematic study of their optical properties. Density functional theory (DFT) electronic structure calculations were performed using the projector augmented wave method to further investigate the trends in the band gaps of the (Cs2MM3Se8)-M-II-Se-IV (M-II = Mg, Zn; M-IV = Ge, Sn) compounds. The experimental diffuse reflectance UV-vis spectroscopy results show that the Mg compounds have smaller band gaps than those containing Zn for both the Ge and the Sn families whereas the DFT calculations show the opposite trend. Cs2HgSn3Se8 was studied as a representative example of this family using differential thermal analysis and melts congruently at 595 degrees C. Crystal growth of this compound using the Bridgman method resulted in a polycrystalline ingot from which plate crystals similar to 2 mm x 3 mm could be cleaved. The band gap of the compounds varies from a narrow 1.07 eV for Cs2ZnGe3Te8 to a wide 3.3 eV for Cs2ZnGe3S8 and Cs2CdGe3S8 making this family a potentially useful source of materials for a variety of electronic applications. Cs2HgSn3Se8 crystals exhibit photoconductivity response where the photoexcited electron and hole show mobility-lifetime products on the order of 3.69 x 10(-5) cm(2)/V and (mu tau)(h parallel to) = 7.78 x 10(-5) cm(2)/V, respectively/
URI
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DOI
10.1021/cm401817r
ISSN
0897-4756
Appears in Collections:
PHY_Journal Papers
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