Colloid chemistry of nanocatalysts: A molecular view
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- Colloid chemistry of nanocatalysts: A molecular view
- An, Kwangjin; Alayoglu, Selim; Ewers, Trevor; Somorjai, Gabor A.
- Catalyst; Colloid; High pressure scanning tunneling microscopy (HPSTEM); In situ characterization; Mesoporous; Nanoparticle; Selectivity; Sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFGVS); Surface; Turn over
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, v.373, no.1, pp.1 - 13
- Recent advances of a colloidal chemistry can offer great opportunities to fabricate and design nanocatalysts. Comprehensive understanding of a basic concept and theory of the colloidal synthetic chemistry facilitates to engineer elaborate nano-architectures such as bi- or multi-metallic, heterodimers, and core/shell. This colloidal solution technique not only enables to synthesize high surface mesoporous materials, but also provides a versatile tool to incorporate nanoparticles into mesoporous materials or onto substrates. For green chemistry, catalysis research has been pursued to design and fabricate a catalyst system that produces only one desired product (100% selectivity) at high turnover rates to reduce the production of undesirable wastes. Recent studies have shown that several molecular factors such as the surface structures, composition, and oxidation states affect the turnover frequency and reaction selectivity depending on the size, morphology, and composition of metal nanoparticles. Multipath reactions have been utilized to study the reaction selectivity as a function of size and shape of platinum nanoparticles. In the past, catalysts were evaluated and compared with characterizations before and after catalytic reaction. Much progress on in situ surface characterization techniques has permitted real-time monitoring of working catalysts under various conditions and provides molecular information during the reaction. © 2011 Elsevier Inc..
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