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Lee, Jae Sung
Eco-friendly Catalysis and Energy Lab
Research Interests
  • Photocatalytic water splitting, artificial photosynthesis, fuel cells, heterogeneous catalysis

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Gas phase transesterification of dimethylcarbonate and phenol over supported titanium dioxide

Cited 58 times inthomson ciCited 62 times inthomson ci
Title
Gas phase transesterification of dimethylcarbonate and phenol over supported titanium dioxide
Other Titles
Gas phase transesterification of dimethylcarbonate and phenol over supported titanium dioxide
Author
Kim, Won BaeLee, Jae Sung
Keywords
transesterification; gas phase; dimethylcarbonate; phenol; TiO2/SiO2; XANES; active phase
Issue Date
1999-07
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Citation
JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS, v.185, no.2, pp.307 - 313
Abstract
The transesterification of dimethylcarbonate and phenol has been studied in a continuous gas flow reactor at high temperatures which were found to be favorable thermodynamically for high yields of methylphenylcarbonate (MPC). Among various solid catalysts, TiO2/SiO2 showed the highest activity and selectivity for MPC. The structure and the chemical state of titanium species in TiO2/SiO2 have been investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) of Ti K-edge. It was observed that the titanium species was highly dispersed on silica. Below 10 wt% Ti loading the titanium phase was not observed by XRD, yet weak XRD peaks of anatase were detected at higher loadings. The Ti K-edge XANES spectra and XPS analyses indicated that Ti(IV) species in the form of a monolayer was dominant below 5 wt% Ti loadings and TiO2 of the anatase structure appeared at higher loadings. The amount of the surface Ti(IV) species measured by XPS increased with Ti loadings and was saturated above 10 wt% in the same manner as the selectivity to MPC changed with Ti loadings. This suggested that surface Ti(IV) species was directly responsible for the selective synthesis of MPC. The crystalline anatase TiO2 was also an active and selective catalyst for the transesterification, yet it contributed to decrease in activity by coking. (C) 1999 Academic Press
URI
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DOI
10.1006/jcat.1999.2495
ISSN
0021-9517
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ECHE_Journal Papers
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